Aristotle (384 BCE - 322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher, teacher and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, he's considered one of the greatest scholars of ancient Greek civilization. Although Aristotle's influence may be difficult to gauge, his methods of inductive reasoning have become the cornerstone of modern science, and modern philosophers also owe much to him.
This single-page Aristotle biography is my pick of the day for middle-school students. It tells the story of how Aristotle studied and taught in Plato's Academy for twenty years, but was not chosen to lead the Academy after Plato's death. Instead, he left Athens for Macedon, where he tutored the young prince that would become Alexander the Great. Upon the prince's ascension to the throne, Plato returned to Athens and founded his own school, the Lyceum.
Kids Philosophy Slam is an annual program for K-12 students, designed to make philosophy fun and to promote critical thinking skills. As a previous Philosopher of the Week, Aristotle has his own biography page sprinkled with a handful of pithy Aristotle quotes. Best reasons to visit, however, are the classroom discussion questions. "Plato, Aristotle's teacher, had envisioned an ideal society. How does Aristotle's ideal society differ from Plato's? How are they the same?"
Based on World Civilizations classes taught at WSU, Dr. Richard Hooker has compiled this "Internet classroom and anthology" that encourages us not to be scared of Aristotle. "Aristotle represents for most of us an icon of difficult or abstruse philosophical thinking; to know Aristotle often provokes hushed whispers even from highly educated people. For all this reputation, though, Aristotle is actually quite an easy read, for the man thought with an incredible clarity and wrote with a superhuman precision."
"Education is the best provision for the journey to old age." "We are what we repeatedly do." "Happiness depends upon ourselves." "Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime." Because of it's ease of use, The Quotations Page is one of favorite stomping grounds for quotes. Click around to view a mini-biography, and to read quotes on related topics (such as education, work, and happiness.) And with free registration, you can collect your favorite quotes, and email them to friends.
"Though Aristotle's work in zoology was not without errors, it was the grandest biological synthesis of the time, and remained the ultimate authority for many centuries after his death. His observations on the anatomy of octopus, cuttlefish, crustaceans, and many other marine invertebrates are remarkably accurate, and could only have been made from first-hand experience with dissection. " This one-page introduction to Aristotle is hyperlinked to additional science articles from the UC Museum of Paleontology site, and to primary source documents from the MIT Internet Classics Archive.