History of the Calendar

Barbara J. Feldman

The Gregorian calendar we use today was created in the 1580’s by Pope Gregory XIII. Start your new year here, and discover the history of the calendar’s development.

  • Britannica.com: Clockworks5 stars

    What is time? Albert Einstein explained that time as we know is an invention when he said "Space and time are modes by which we think, not conditions under which we live." Clockworks explores our notions of time, starting with a history of calendars and timekeeping. This is an excellent site for middle and high-school students, sprinkled with dozens of apt quotes from the likes of Einstein, Ben Franklin, William Shakespeare and Tennessee Williams.

  • Calendars through the Ages5 stars

    My pick of the day is the beautifully illustrated Calendars through the Ages. Organized into chapters with a horizontal menu at the top, and subdivided into topics with a vertical menu on the left, Calendars through the Ages begins with an in-depth look at the astronomical basis of calendars. Significant historical calendars (such as the Roman and Mayan) and currently used international calendars (Jewish, Chinese, and Islamic) are covered in Various Calendars.

  • Calendopaedia5 stars

    "Since the dawn of civilization man has kept track of time by use of the sun, the moon, and the stars. Man noticed that time could be broken up into units of the day (the time taken for the earth to rotate once on its axis), the month (the time taken for the moon to orbit the earth) and the year (the time taken for the earth to orbit the sun)." But since a month is not a whole number of days, nor a year a whole number of months or day, the task is not simple. "The ways in which these problems were tackled down the centuries and across the world is the subject of this Web site."

  • A Walk Through Time5 stars

    "In the 1840's a Greenwich standard time for all of England, Scotland, and Wales was established, replacing several 'local time' systems. The Royal Greenwich Observatory was the focal point for this development because it had played such a key role in marine navigation based upon accurate timekeeping. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) subsequently evolved as the official time reference for the world and served that purpose until 1972." This fabulous site, produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, presents both the history of timekeeping and a peek at its current state. If you want to coordinate your Windows-based computer clock to the NIST clock, you can download a program to do so over the Internet (look under NIST Time Calibration).

  • World Book: Counting the Days4 stars

    World Book editors have created a site for elementary and middle-school students that answers basic questions about the invention of the calendar. What I found most fascinating was the brief discussion of two proposed calendars that would simplify our timekeeping. The fixed (or thirteen month) calendar inserts the month of Sol after June. Each month is exactly four weeks long and an extra day (called a year day) is added at the end of the year. The second option is the world calendar which has twelve months of thirty or thirty-one days, and also has a year day at the end.

  • Honorable Mentions

    The following links are either new discoveries or sites that didn't make it into my newspaper column because of space constraints. Enjoy!

    Cite This Page

  • Feldman, Barbara. "History of the Calendar." Surfnetkids. Feldman Publishing. 9 Jan. 2002. Web. 9 Oct. 2014. <http://www.surfnetkids.com/resources/calendar/ >.

  • About This Page

  • By . Originally published January 9, 2002. Last modified July 10, 2014.

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