Singapore is a city-state that gained independence on August 9, 1965, located on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, just eighty-five miles north of the equator. Despite having few natural resources, and a population of just five million, Singapore boasts the third highest per-capita income in the world.
This article summarizes the history of Singapore. For links to additional topics, such as The Land or The Economy, look in the right-hand Table of Contents. "Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srivijaya. In Javanese inscriptions and Chinese records dating to the end of the 14th century, the more common name of the island is Tumasik, or Temasek, from the Javanese word tasek ('sea')."
"Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe." With short facts, organized into categories such as Geography, Government, and Military, the CIA World Factbook is an excellent starting point for school reports.
The Singapore Memory Project is a national online initiative to "tell the Singapore Story" in images, audio and video. Best way to enjoy is to browse the collections, campaigns, the showcase, and featured memories. You'll find a huge variety of items from childhood memories to snaps of recent events. "The SMP aims to collect 5 million personal memories as well as a substantial number of published materials on Singapore by 2015."
Best clicks for students are found under Who We Are and include Singapore at a Glance, National Symbols, a map of Singapore, and an interactive, scrolling history timeline. "Although Singapore's history dates back as early as the 14th century, the birth of a modern, cosmopolitan Singapore started, arguably, only after Sir Stamford Raffles landed on Singapore in 1819." There is also a collection of photos and videos to be found under .SG Interactive.
Although this is primarily a travel site, there is plenty here to interest students studying Singapore from afar. Under Browse, you'll discover About Singapore, A Brief History, People, Language & Culture, and Key Facts. "Located in Southeast Asia, Singapore has a land area of about 710 square kilometers, making her one of the smallest countries in the world and the smallest in the region -- hence the moniker 'The Little Red Dot.'"