Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) rose to power during the French Revolution (1789-1799), and declared himself emperor of France in 1804. After a tumultuous decade, during which Napoleon was exiled, he returned to Paris in 1815, and embarked on a military crusade to conquer Europe. This became known as his 100 Days Campaign. On June 18, 1815, at the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon was defeated by British and Prussian troops led by the Duke of Wellington.
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