10 Facts About Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background.

Rosa Parks with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background.

Rosa Parks was born February 4, 1913, died October 24, 2005. Her full name is Rosa Louise McCauley Parks. She is famous today for her civil rights activism, but mostly for being the black woman who refused to give up her seat on a city bus.

1. The famous bus ride

In Montgomery, Alabama, on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks made history by being the black woman who refused to obey the driver of the bus when he gave her the order to give up her seat on the city bus to make room for a white passenger. Her actions sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and made history. Her refusal became a key part of the modern movement for civil rights, and her actions sparked further action and set an example for many.

2. Work with Martin Luther King Jr.

Rosa Parks’ actions on that Montgomery bus gave her a legitimacy and made her an internationally recognized symbol of civil rights. Because of her prominent stance as a protestor of segregation based on race, she started interacting with and became a help to some of the other most famous civil rights activists, including Martin Luther King, Jr. Many of her actions helped him to gain a strong presence in the nation, and help keep the civil rights movement going forward.

3. Honors and awards

One of the reasons we still speak of Rosa Parks besides her role in the civil rights movement is because of the amount of recognitions and awards she received for the role that she played in the civil rights movement. She was highly honored for her part, in 1979 she won the Spingarn Medal; she won the Congressional Gold Medal; she is honored in a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol’s National Statuary Hall; and was given the posthumous honor of lying at the Capitol Rotunda.

4. Her stance

The reason Rosa Parks stance was so huge in the civil rights movement is because it challenged something many just took as a fundamental rule of society. During her time, there were rules that governed bus usage, some of which included that Blacks were to pay at the front of the bus, but must then get off the bus and walk to the back entrance to be seated. Blacks could not sit in the front of the bus, as the first four rows were reserved for white people. Blacks who sat in middle rows were required to give up their seat if a white person needed one. Rosa bucked the rules and did so on her own, changing the face of history.

5. Montgomery Bus Boycott

Parks sparked a revolution. Her refusal to give up her seat, and subsequent arrest for something so trivial, led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. It was organized on her behalf, and announced at church and in the paper. The boycott was well organized, rallies formed, and many kept the boycott up until they got some of their demands.

The demands included: black drivers would be hired, seating in the middle of the bus would be handled on a first-come-first-serve basis, and the rules or laws governing bus riding be changed. The boycott went on for 381 days, and ended when the laws requiring segregation on public buses were lifted.

6. The MIA

The Montgomery Bus Boycott led to the formation of a new organization, the Montgomery Improvement Association. This formation was created to lead the boycott, and once of the first leaders was the to-date relatively unknown, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. So, Rosa Parks was the reason for the boycott, thus the formation of the MIA, and part of Martin Luther King, Jr. rise to fame.

7. International news

Parks’ actions were not something normal, and thus the whole situation was publicized, and brought international attention to the issue of racial discrimination. The US was not the only place where people were discriminated against because of color, and Rosa’s stand inspired boycotts in other parts of the world as well, including a bus boycott in the township of Alexandria, Eastern Cape of South Africa.

8. Browder versus Gayle

Rosa Parks was directly connected to this federal lawsuit that was used to change the state bus segregation laws. This is the suit that led to the laws being challenged, and eventually to segregation laws changing and being lifted.

9. Her sacrifice

Rosa Parks would not be well known today if her stand on the bus, and refusal to give up her seat had not lead to serious consequences and sacrifices for her and her family. As a result of her stand, Rosa was arrested, mistreated, lost her job, and became a public figure, constantly a person being either looked to for inspiration, or spat on to make an example of. Her husband also lost his job, and her family lost much of their privacy.

10. Her autobiography

Rosa Parks did not just inspire change during the civil rights movement, but through an autobiography she wrote in 1992, aimed at the youth today, she inspired many to stand up for their beliefs, and understand the difference one person can make.


Cite This Page

Feldman, Barbara. "10 Facts About Rosa Parks." Surfnetkids. Feldman Publishing. 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 1 Oct. 2014. <http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/ten-facts-about-rosa-parks/ >.

Learn more with these Rosa Parks websites.



Rosa Parks: My Story
Rosa Parks: My Story
by Rosa Parks, Jim Haskins
(Paperback)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $2.30

Who Was Rosa Parks?
Who Was Rosa Parks?
by Yona Zeldis McDonough
(Paperback)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $1.51

The Rebellious Life of Mrs. Rosa Parks
The Rebellious Life of Mrs. Rosa Parks
by Jeanne Theoharis
(Paperback)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $9.75

{ 80 comments… read them below or add one }

jasmine hernandes February 9, 2011 at 6:41 pm

this is kinda a good site

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Candice February 13, 2011 at 11:37 am

What is the date this artical was posted? Please respond as soon as possible, as I am doing a Social Studies report on Rosa parks, and must include a bibliography. Thank you.

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lilly lopez February 15, 2011 at 6:18 pm

I know im doing a report on her to and i need helpful info but this website doesnt give me that info i need.

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samantha April 14, 2011 at 12:21 pm

the real date is 1913 – 2005

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Unknown January 30, 2012 at 7:21 am

this is good except i have a report due

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DARLENE April 11, 2012 at 6:19 pm

I REALLY LIKE WHAT U SAID IT ALMOST MADE ME CRYYYYYYYYYYY!!!!!!

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Candice February 16, 2011 at 10:45 am

Yeah, I got the facts i needed, but i still need to do the bibliography >:(

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kayla February 23, 2011 at 8:38 am

she is AWSOME!!!!!!!!!!!

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kassy February 25, 2011 at 8:48 am

my st friend says she is awsome and she lllllluuuuuuvvvvvvvvssssssss her

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SmartMommy February 25, 2011 at 2:37 pm

When using this site as a Bibliography, all you need is the entire URL (copy and paste the address from the box at the top) and you can give the date that you got the information. It should look something like this:

Surfnet Kids Almanac. Ten Facts About Rosa Parks.
http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/ten-facts-about-rosa-parks/. Retrieved February 23, 2011.

Like that. Good luck!

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gabriella February 7, 2013 at 2:36 pm

i need all the advise i can get i need to wright five facts about her and draw a poster of her wright about what she was famous for and im in second grade oh who want to taste my pussy

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teia March 2, 2011 at 2:37 pm

she was a good person!!!!!!!!

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shawn March 15, 2011 at 10:17 am

rosa parks RRRROOOXXXXX i need 2 do a profile on rosa but this site didnt give enough info

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Devon Velez March 24, 2011 at 12:40 pm

i need to do a report on rosa parks due 3/24 /11

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Dalin March 28, 2012 at 12:08 pm

You posted that on the day it was due. Lol. You’re a little late there bud

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gabriella February 7, 2013 at 3:56 pm

mine is due on 2/11/13

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sarah March 30, 2011 at 3:07 pm

i really love this article on rosa parks!
POWER TO DA ROSA!

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Natasha March 31, 2011 at 6:16 am

I think this website shows all the facts I need to know! I used this site for this question…What sacrifices did Rosa Parks make? I got great facts from the site. It was for my bibliography I’m working on for a school project.

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zak makison April 5, 2011 at 3:42 pm

i have a report due soon and i still need more to the chase short facts and it is hard yo put a parrigraph into your own words so short facts over all nat too bad

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Jennifer April 10, 2011 at 9:23 pm

i think that Rosa Parks is a very srong person for standing up for what she believed in :) not many people . . . well no people at all do that anymore ! We all just go with the flow , afraid to be different .

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the commenter April 11, 2011 at 3:05 pm

this is nice and simple

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samantha April 14, 2011 at 12:18 pm

my project for rosa is not helping i need real information gosh pls help i yet only need 2 more and i need helpful information not junk

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shardae February 20, 2013 at 7:33 am

alll u have to do is go on gooogle look up her name thats how u look up infromation u should know this have a nice day..)

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jessica lynn miles April 15, 2011 at 4:45 pm

Hi I have to do a report on her and I am very happy I think she is really brave. Who ever said black people can not go on the bus for a year I would just like to say BOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
From,
jessica lynn miles Oh bye the way I’m eight years old
bye you rock rosa parks bye bye!!!!!!

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Kenzy April 17, 2011 at 7:13 am

I’m doing a project on Rosa Parks due in 3 weeks and this website is really helpful but doesn’t explain what EXACTLY happened on the bus, like when the sign for the black people wwas moved back so 4 seats were empty for the white, and the black had to stand up. But altogether, really useful as it gives the info in sections. :)

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Elsea May 12, 2011 at 3:57 pm

I am doing a research report on Rosa parks and I need the inflammation!!

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Leisha May 26, 2011 at 9:40 am

i learned alot from this site. thanks (:

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shardae February 20, 2013 at 7:30 am

u welcome

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lolly June 6, 2011 at 3:33 am

helps me with my homework

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ashanti June 14, 2011 at 8:32 pm

she did not give up her seat

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Kaiii August 30, 2011 at 6:26 pm

Im doing a project as well what a great women and person more people should stand up for what they believe in she really inspires me to be different

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antoinette October 16, 2011 at 3:14 am

I am doing a project too.

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antoinette October 16, 2011 at 3:12 am

she was right

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April November 16, 2011 at 6:45 pm

Rosa Parks has inspired me!

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ArY.L October 4, 2012 at 4:32 am

True! She did inspired me too… Sad and happy in the same time… LOL

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ryan woodcock November 24, 2011 at 4:59 am

truly inspirational

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kily November 28, 2011 at 11:02 am

this website is the bome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Emma November 28, 2011 at 11:06 am

i realy love rosa she is cool and im glad that its not like it was now they it was then

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love the black {and white and hispanic etc.} January 11, 2012 at 9:31 pm

i love rosa bcause im black !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Jordan Alghareeb ♥. December 7, 2011 at 7:27 am

This site needs more information for all of the different topics.

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Susie Amber December 13, 2011 at 4:02 pm

im doing a project on the montgomery bus boycott and i need 25 facts, any help ? , plz dont send me google/bing/yahoo etc. , just give me facts thanks a lot , muah <3 , forever loved rosa parks

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Nikya January 4, 2012 at 3:21 pm

i love you rose park thank you forr my seat onn busss i lovee you just vist your gave my mom t mee

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dulcey January 18, 2012 at 10:27 am

i’m doing a report on you and i can’t seem to find anything about you keep doing what you do.

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rebel January 19, 2012 at 2:56 pm

I am doing a report and don’t see anything about her mother or father. I need a little more information.

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cupcake January 25, 2012 at 12:37 pm

thank you rosa parks your amazing you helped me and my friends do our project for history

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bro shes dead January 25, 2012 at 12:38 pm

Umm…She died..like, 7 years ago

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newbieone January 26, 2012 at 2:42 pm

Seriously this is too little to read so I am going to another website but great facts!

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lalaland123456789 February 24, 2012 at 8:06 am

great facts, but yeah, i need more!

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katiana February 26, 2012 at 5:18 am

thank you so much for what you did for black people i am half black and i am half mexican

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t.A.T.u February 26, 2012 at 2:12 pm

If you want more facts about rosa parks go to http://www.rosaparksfacts.com/rosa-parks-biography.php#

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tayyaba March 8, 2012 at 9:03 am

im doing a profect on abraham lincoln and rosa parks and this web helps a lot!

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Tyra March 25, 2012 at 12:23 pm

I love the way this page is set up! It’s a new way to relate to the youth of today :)

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heaven jones March 26, 2012 at 12:20 pm

I only need 5 facts in one sentence.

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Dalin March 28, 2012 at 12:10 pm

I liked this. But I didn’t need it. Just learning about Rosa (:

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Dalin March 28, 2012 at 12:12 pm

Rosa Parks was an African-American seamstress who took the bus to and from work every day in Montgomery, Alabama. She had grown up in a segregated South, where there were separate rules for blacks and whites. For instance, on buses, if the rows of seats that were reserved for white passengers were full, then an African-American passenger would be required to give up their seat so that the white passenger could sit down.
On every other day of her life, Rosa Parks had followed the rules of segregation. However, on December 1, 1955, she decided she was tired of giving in. When a white passenger entered an already full bus, the bus driver asked Rosa Parks and three other African-Americans sitting in her row, to stand up. The others stood up; Rosa Parks remained seated.

Because she would not give up her seat, the bus driver called the police and Rosa Parks was arrested. News of her arrest quickly spread. The NAACP decided to use Rosa Parks to challenge the segregation laws in the courts, while the African-American community of Montgomery, Alabama decided to create a boycott of the buses in an effort to make changes.

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reemah March 29, 2012 at 5:24 am

rosaaaaaaaa

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Rocky April 15, 2012 at 9:56 am

this is really good

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Rocky April 15, 2012 at 9:57 am

it is soo good buts its really boring :(

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Eric May 3, 2012 at 7:07 am

IOVE ROSA PARKS . SHE TOOK UP FOR HER SELF . ROSA PARKS IS A GOOOOOOOOOOOD PERSON.

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isa May 9, 2012 at 5:32 pm

rosa parks inspired me to do a bibliography on her juding from the facts I’ve seen about her is that no matter what you are believe in your self

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naquill May 20, 2012 at 1:38 pm

Rosa Parks is a woman with joy and take pride in her self for what she do.I LOVE U SO MUCH MRS.PARKS<3!!!!!!

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HiLlArY yIP May 29, 2012 at 1:20 am

She is a nice lady she is good at taking actions.

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You dont know meee! September 16, 2012 at 3:55 am

Hello you dont know me but i really am inspired by Rosa as she is a VERRRRRYYYY good person….

love me…
xx

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Georgia November 21, 2012 at 9:45 am

I love rosa she a real insprational person to me….(!)
x

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hayly February 5, 2013 at 6:23 pm

yea i got what i needed thanks

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hayly February 5, 2013 at 6:24 pm

i still need to do a report though

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Enrique Mccline February 8, 2013 at 3:29 am

Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.

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natilae February 10, 2013 at 12:18 pm

i am doing a report on rosa and i think that what she did forus black people was verry nice of her

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sametra February 20, 2013 at 7:27 am

i’m doing a report on rosa parks and i have some infromation about her thank u have nice day

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shardae February 20, 2013 at 7:28 am

i’m doing a report on rosa parks and i have information about her have a nice day ..)

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lindsay February 24, 2013 at 1:11 pm

I doing A project on her too and still cant find the information I need

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bix kadenza March 7, 2013 at 6:27 am

need to look up rosa parks and martin luther king 4 school, RE, this website helped loads!!
Ps. my name + email are fake, i will never give away identity!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

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ALICIA April 10, 2013 at 9:15 am

THIS INFO IS GOOD BUT NOT GREAT REPORT DUE

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ALICIA April 10, 2013 at 9:17 am

OH SORRY THIS INFO IS GOOD WRONG SITE

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cc October 1, 2013 at 6:31 am

i think she did what was right

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cc October 1, 2013 at 6:32 am

rosa is one of my heros

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Tresspa Cockle October 8, 2013 at 6:52 am

Bolla Bolla Boooo

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sara February 11, 2014 at 5:50 am

i am resaching rosa parks and i can find a website that will tell who was on the bus and how they felt

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Carissa Franklin February 18, 2014 at 2:31 pm

i like what she did

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Hannah March 11, 2014 at 3:42 pm

im doing a NHD project on Rosa Parks and this will help – Thanks

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