10 Facts About Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background.

Rosa Parks with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background.

Rosa Parks was born February 4, 1913, died October 24, 2005. Her full name is Rosa Louise McCauley Parks. She is famous today for her civil rights activism, but mostly for being the black woman who refused to give up her seat on a city bus.

1. The famous bus ride

In Montgomery, Alabama, on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks made history by being the black woman who refused to obey the driver of the bus when he gave her the order to give up her seat on the city bus to make room for a white passenger. Her actions sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and made history. Her refusal became a key part of the modern movement for civil rights, and her actions sparked further action and set an example for many.

2. Work with Martin Luther King Jr.

Rosa Parks’ actions on that Montgomery bus gave her a legitimacy and made her an internationally recognized symbol of civil rights. Because of her prominent stance as a protestor of segregation based on race, she started interacting with and became a help to some of the other most famous civil rights activists, including Martin Luther King, Jr. Many of her actions helped him to gain a strong presence in the nation, and help keep the civil rights movement going forward.

3. Honors and awards

One of the reasons we still speak of Rosa Parks besides her role in the civil rights movement is because of the amount of recognitions and awards she received for the role that she played in the civil rights movement. She was highly honored for her part, in 1979 she won the Spingarn Medal; she won the Congressional Gold Medal; she is honored in a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol’s National Statuary Hall; and was given the posthumous honor of lying at the Capitol Rotunda.

4. Her stance

The reason Rosa Parks stance was so huge in the civil rights movement is because it challenged something many just took as a fundamental rule of society. During her time, there were rules that governed bus usage, some of which included that Blacks were to pay at the front of the bus, but must then get off the bus and walk to the back entrance to be seated. Blacks could not sit in the front of the bus, as the first four rows were reserved for white people. Blacks who sat in middle rows were required to give up their seat if a white person needed one. Rosa bucked the rules and did so on her own, changing the face of history.

5. Montgomery Bus Boycott

Parks sparked a revolution. Her refusal to give up her seat, and subsequent arrest for something so trivial, led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. It was organized on her behalf, and announced at church and in the paper. The boycott was well organized, rallies formed, and many kept the boycott up until they got some of their demands.

The demands included: black drivers would be hired, seating in the middle of the bus would be handled on a first-come-first-serve basis, and the rules or laws governing bus riding be changed. The boycott went on for 381 days, and ended when the laws requiring segregation on public buses were lifted.

6. The MIA

The Montgomery Bus Boycott led to the formation of a new organization, the Montgomery Improvement Association. This formation was created to lead the boycott, and once of the first leaders was the to-date relatively unknown, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. So, Rosa Parks was the reason for the boycott, thus the formation of the MIA, and part of Martin Luther King, Jr. rise to fame.

7. International news

Parks’ actions were not something normal, and thus the whole situation was publicized, and brought international attention to the issue of racial discrimination. The US was not the only place where people were discriminated against because of color, and Rosa’s stand inspired boycotts in other parts of the world as well, including a bus boycott in the township of Alexandria, Eastern Cape of South Africa.

8. Browder versus Gayle

Rosa Parks was directly connected to this federal lawsuit that was used to change the state bus segregation laws. This is the suit that led to the laws being challenged, and eventually to segregation laws changing and being lifted.

9. Her sacrifice

Rosa Parks would not be well known today if her stand on the bus, and refusal to give up her seat had not lead to serious consequences and sacrifices for her and her family. As a result of her stand, Rosa was arrested, mistreated, lost her job, and became a public figure, constantly a person being either looked to for inspiration, or spat on to make an example of. Her husband also lost his job, and her family lost much of their privacy.

10. Her autobiography

Rosa Parks did not just inspire change during the civil rights movement, but through an autobiography she wrote in 1992, aimed at the youth today, she inspired many to stand up for their beliefs, and understand the difference one person can make.


Cite This Page

Feldman, Barbara. "10 Facts About Rosa Parks." Surfnetkids. Feldman Publishing. 3 Mar. 2009. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. <http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/ten-facts-about-rosa-parks/ >.

Learn more with these Rosa Parks websites.



Rosa Parks: My Story
Rosa Parks: My Story
by Rosa Parks, Jim Haskins
(Paperback)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $2.78

I am Rosa Parks (Ordinary People Change World)
I am Rosa Parks (Ordinary People Change World)
by Brad Meltzer
(Hardcover)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $6.49

Who Was Rosa Parks?
Who Was Rosa Parks?
by Yona Zeldis McDonough
(Paperback)
- Usually ships in 24 hours
Price: $1.55

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  • jasmine hernandes

    this is kinda a good site

  • Candice

    What is the date this artical was posted? Please respond as soon as possible, as I am doing a Social Studies report on Rosa parks, and must include a bibliography. Thank you.

    • lilly lopez

      I know im doing a report on her to and i need helpful info but this website doesnt give me that info i need.

    • samantha

      the real date is 1913 – 2005

    • Unknown

      this is good except i have a report due

      • DARLENE

        I REALLY LIKE WHAT U SAID IT ALMOST MADE ME CRYYYYYYYYYYY!!!!!!

  • Candice

    Yeah, I got the facts i needed, but i still need to do the bibliography >:(

  • kayla

    she is AWSOME!!!!!!!!!!!

  • kassy

    my st friend says she is awsome and she lllllluuuuuuvvvvvvvvssssssss her

  • SmartMommy

    When using this site as a Bibliography, all you need is the entire URL (copy and paste the address from the box at the top) and you can give the date that you got the information. It should look something like this:

    Surfnet Kids Almanac. Ten Facts About Rosa Parks.
    http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/ten-facts-about-rosa-parks/. Retrieved February 23, 2011.

    Like that. Good luck!

    • http://gmail gabriella

      i need all the advise i can get i need to wright five facts about her and draw a poster of her wright about what she was famous for and im in second grade oh who want to taste my pussy

  • http://yahoo teia

    she was a good person!!!!!!!!

  • shawn

    rosa parks RRRROOOXXXXX i need 2 do a profile on rosa but this site didnt give enough info

  • http://www.facebook.com Devon Velez

    i need to do a report on rosa parks due 3/24 /11

    • Dalin

      You posted that on the day it was due. Lol. You’re a little late there bud

    • http://gmail gabriella

      mine is due on 2/11/13

  • sarah

    i really love this article on rosa parks!
    POWER TO DA ROSA!

  • http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/10-facts-about-rosa-parks/ Natasha

    I think this website shows all the facts I need to know! I used this site for this question…What sacrifices did Rosa Parks make? I got great facts from the site. It was for my bibliography I’m working on for a school project.

  • http://awesome zak makison

    i have a report due soon and i still need more to the chase short facts and it is hard yo put a parrigraph into your own words so short facts over all nat too bad

  • Jennifer

    i think that Rosa Parks is a very srong person for standing up for what she believed in :) not many people . . . well no people at all do that anymore ! We all just go with the flow , afraid to be different .

  • the commenter

    this is nice and simple

  • samantha

    my project for rosa is not helping i need real information gosh pls help i yet only need 2 more and i need helpful information not junk

    • http://rosaparks shardae

      alll u have to do is go on gooogle look up her name thats how u look up infromation u should know this have a nice day..)

  • http://facebook jessica lynn miles

    Hi I have to do a report on her and I am very happy I think she is really brave. Who ever said black people can not go on the bus for a year I would just like to say BOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    From,
    jessica lynn miles Oh bye the way I’m eight years old
    bye you rock rosa parks bye bye!!!!!!

  • Kenzy

    I’m doing a project on Rosa Parks due in 3 weeks and this website is really helpful but doesn’t explain what EXACTLY happened on the bus, like when the sign for the black people wwas moved back so 4 seats were empty for the white, and the black had to stand up. But altogether, really useful as it gives the info in sections. :)

  • http://Surfnetkids.com Elsea

    I am doing a research report on Rosa parks and I need the inflammation!!

  • Leisha

    i learned alot from this site. thanks (:

    • http://rosaparks shardae

      u welcome

  • http://bratz lolly

    helps me with my homework

  • http://ashantihutchins.com ashanti

    she did not give up her seat

  • Kaiii

    Im doing a project as well what a great women and person more people should stand up for what they believe in she really inspires me to be different

    • antoinette

      I am doing a project too.

  • http://yahoo antoinette

    she was right

  • April

    Rosa Parks has inspired me!

    • ArY.L

      True! She did inspired me too… Sad and happy in the same time… LOL

  • http://www.surfnetkids.com/go/63/ten-facts-about-rosa-parks/ ryan woodcock

    truly inspirational

  • http://rosaparcks kily

    this website is the bome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • http://rosaparcks Emma

    i realy love rosa she is cool and im glad that its not like it was now they it was then

    • love the black {and white and hispanic etc.}

      i love rosa bcause im black !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Jordan Alghareeb ♥.

    This site needs more information for all of the different topics.

  • Susie Amber

    im doing a project on the montgomery bus boycott and i need 25 facts, any help ? , plz dont send me google/bing/yahoo etc. , just give me facts thanks a lot , muah <3 , forever loved rosa parks

  • http://www.sufnetkids.com Nikya

    i love you rose park thank you forr my seat onn busss i lovee you just vist your gave my mom t mee

  • dulcey

    i’m doing a report on you and i can’t seem to find anything about you keep doing what you do.

  • rebel

    I am doing a report and don’t see anything about her mother or father. I need a little more information.

  • cupcake

    thank you rosa parks your amazing you helped me and my friends do our project for history

  • bro shes dead

    Umm…She died..like, 7 years ago

  • http://surfnetkids.com newbieone

    Seriously this is too little to read so I am going to another website but great facts!

  • lalaland123456789

    great facts, but yeah, i need more!

  • katiana

    thank you so much for what you did for black people i am half black and i am half mexican

  • t.A.T.u

    If you want more facts about rosa parks go to http://www.rosaparksfacts.com/rosa-parks-biography.php#

  • tayyaba

    im doing a profect on abraham lincoln and rosa parks and this web helps a lot!

  • Tyra

    I love the way this page is set up! It’s a new way to relate to the youth of today :)

  • heaven jones

    I only need 5 facts in one sentence.

  • Dalin

    I liked this. But I didn’t need it. Just learning about Rosa (:

  • Dalin

    Rosa Parks was an African-American seamstress who took the bus to and from work every day in Montgomery, Alabama. She had grown up in a segregated South, where there were separate rules for blacks and whites. For instance, on buses, if the rows of seats that were reserved for white passengers were full, then an African-American passenger would be required to give up their seat so that the white passenger could sit down.
    On every other day of her life, Rosa Parks had followed the rules of segregation. However, on December 1, 1955, she decided she was tired of giving in. When a white passenger entered an already full bus, the bus driver asked Rosa Parks and three other African-Americans sitting in her row, to stand up. The others stood up; Rosa Parks remained seated.

    Because she would not give up her seat, the bus driver called the police and Rosa Parks was arrested. News of her arrest quickly spread. The NAACP decided to use Rosa Parks to challenge the segregation laws in the courts, while the African-American community of Montgomery, Alabama decided to create a boycott of the buses in an effort to make changes.

  • reemah

    rosaaaaaaaa

  • ???? Rocky

    this is really good

  • ???? Rocky

    it is soo good buts its really boring :(

  • Eric

    IOVE ROSA PARKS . SHE TOOK UP FOR HER SELF . ROSA PARKS IS A GOOOOOOOOOOOD PERSON.

  • isa

    rosa parks inspired me to do a bibliography on her juding from the facts I’ve seen about her is that no matter what you are believe in your self

  • naquill

    Rosa Parks is a woman with joy and take pride in her self for what she do.I LOVE U SO MUCH MRS.PARKS<3!!!!!!

  • HiLlArY yIP

    She is a nice lady she is good at taking actions.

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  • You dont know meee!

    Hello you dont know me but i really am inspired by Rosa as she is a VERRRRRYYYY good person….

    love me…
    xx

  • Georgia

    I love rosa she a real insprational person to me….(!)
    x

  • hayly

    yea i got what i needed thanks

  • hayly

    i still need to do a report though

  • http://www.mkdir.pl/item5420.html Enrique Mccline

    Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.

  • natilae

    i am doing a report on rosa and i think that what she did forus black people was verry nice of her

  • http://rosaparks sametra

    i’m doing a report on rosa parks and i have some infromation about her thank u have nice day

  • http://rosaparks shardae

    i’m doing a report on rosa parks and i have information about her have a nice day ..)

  • lindsay

    I doing A project on her too and still cant find the information I need

  • bix kadenza

    need to look up rosa parks and martin luther king 4 school, RE, this website helped loads!!
    Ps. my name + email are fake, i will never give away identity!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

  • http://TEENFACTSABOUTRSAPARKS ALICIA

    THIS INFO IS GOOD BUT NOT GREAT REPORT DUE

  • http://TEENFACTSABOUTRSAPARKS ALICIA

    OH SORRY THIS INFO IS GOOD WRONG SITE

  • cc

    i think she did what was right

  • cc

    rosa is one of my heros

  • Tresspa Cockle

    Bolla Bolla Boooo

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  • sara

    i am resaching rosa parks and i can find a website that will tell who was on the bus and how they felt

  • Carissa Franklin

    i like what she did

  • Hannah

    im doing a NHD project on Rosa Parks and this will help – Thanks