The Louisiana Purchase was one of the most important land acquisitions ever to be made by the United States and many say that it was what really qualified the U.S. as a preeminent world power and rival of Europe.
1. What it was?
The Louisiana Purchase was the purchase of land by the United States from France. It was made up of about 828,000 square miles that was taken from the French territory of Louisiane in 1803. It was one of the most important land acquisitions in the history of the country and many say that it allowed the United States to expand even further westward and to become the nation it is today.
2. What was included
The Purchase contained what now equates to portions of 15 states in the US and 2 Canadian provinces. The land that was bought enclosed all of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and of course Louisiana. The land purchased also included parts of what is now Alberta and Saskachewan in Canada. The land that was purchased in the Louisiana Purchase now makes up about 23% of the territory of the United States.
3. What did the French want
The French had long been plagued by wars that had become very costly. Their financial situation was in a wreck and Napoleon Bonaparte realized that opportunity was fading in the New World. His attempts at maintaining the territories in the Caribbean were failing and he wanted a presence in the West for the lucrative sugar trade. After his failed attempts at maintaining order there, he decided that keeping all the territory in North America simply wasn’t worth the trouble.
4. What did the U.S. want
The U.S. understood the importance of the port of New Orleans and had already made previous negotiations to use the port and not be harassed there. The desire of the U.S. was to purchase the port outright so that they could control this very important marketplace. The U.S. went to Paris to negotiate the purchase of the port of New Orleans but was unsuccessful the first time.
5. Thomas Jefferson was president at the time
As President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson faced much opposition to the purchase of the land and many said that it was unconstitutional and undermined the authority of the states in the government. The U.S. constitution didn’t have any provisions for acquiring territory, so he was exploring new bounds of governmental control. He didn’t want France and Spain to have the ability to block American trade across the port of New Orleans.
6. Napoleon recognized it was an important move
While Napoleon Bonaparte didn’t want to just give away his conquered territories, the rivalry between France and England was still very strong. Bonaparte saw selling the land to the U.S. as an opportunity to block the power of England on another front and it was worth it to him. He said that the United States would eventually humble the pride of England.
James Monroe and Robert Livingston went to negotiate the purchase in Paris in 1803. They only wanted the port at the time and didn’t imagine how much land they would really end up getting. Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours helped them with the negotiations and had strong political ties to Jefferson and the French authorities. He brought up the idea that the area be much larger to keep Napoleon and the U.S. from going to war over North America.
8. How much
The U.S. negotiators were prepared to spend $10 million on the port of New Orleans, so they were pleasantly surprised when the entire region was offered to them for only $15 million. At the time, purchasing the territory meant doubling the size of the United State. The price of the land included in the purchase was less than 3 cents per acre.
9. Louisiana Purchase Treaty
The Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed by Robert Livingston, James Monroe, and BarbÃ© Marbois in Paris on April 30, 1803. Thomas Jefferson announced the treaty to the American people on July 4th of that year. It was stated that the Louisiana Purchase was a noble work and that the U.S. could now take its place among the powers of the first rank.
The American government made a down payment on the land in gold totaling $3 million. The rest was financed in bonds by some of the most important banks in Europe at the time and then France cashed the bonds to use the money to pay debts.
nice thanks for the help <3
nice. i like the facts. but im writing a paper about it. and i need more…we have to write an editorial and the question is “was the louisiana purchase worth $15 million?” so…i also have to write the supporting and the non-supporting arguments, and i dont really know what to put for the non-supporting argument. maybe you could put a little more facts and stuff like that and things about what im writing about…? thanks(=
it was worth 15 million $o you know
gracias mae por las notas
tori henner says
I think all this information was really helpful thanks for all your help and information.
Hi! I have to do this report on Louisiana and its 26 pages. So all the facts helped out a lot. THX! 🙂
does anyone know how to cite this MLA style??? 😀 thanks! 😀
good but need more
good but it would be helpful if it had more info… i almost couldnt find what i was looking for! but thanx for the info that i found 🙂
HOW DID YOU PEOPLE FIND ALL THESE FACT.I AM DOING A PROJECT ON THE LOUISIANA PURCHAS ,ORAGON TRAIL,AND THE WES WARD EXPANISON .IM ONLY IN SECOND GRADE.I AM HAVING LOTS OF FUN ON IT
Thanks iam only in 9th grade
Thanks to Haiti! the purchase would not have occurred if it wasnt because of Haiti.
samantha orageon says
Heyy!!! thnaks for da info it was MAD kool nd helpful. i threw water on my friend. peace boy
hey guys this was super helpful! THANKS!!! I’m in 6th grade thanks
Samantha Gruden says
I LOVE YOU THANKS FOR ALL THE HELP:)
hey, everyone!! yes, i have to do a time line on 10 items that afeected the U.S., and of course, the louisiana purchase was one of them. so, this provided me with an overflow of knowledge!!! i am in 8th grade.
awesome im in eight grade and i have to do the louisiana purchase…but i have to find out 8 things about it and a bunch of other stuff…it sucks and its confusing
Well, i was strugglin on my homework.. I was patting my head thinking what duh haaaay I was durin!! I was lost yall REAL LOST! thank ya to the person who posted this mug! I preciate it!
Shout out to spongebobfanatic. That’s my homeboy Yall!!
im doing a report on louisiana so it kinda helped. I still need moe though :l
This information was kinda helpful . it was borinq to read but i qot my work done …
Bob Dylan says
Hey , thanks for the information about this stuff!!!!!!!!!!! Smilies
Bob Dylan says
So, I am sitting here thinking why did we send Lewis and Clark? Why not Me and my friend Mitch? Although, we wouldn’t have been alive back then… So baking brownies sounds fun huh? 15 million dollars that was alot back then!
MERRY CHRISTMAS!!!!!! AND HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL!!!!!!!!!!!!!
sarah brandy says
thank you!! this website and these facts jjust helped me with my home work!!! and my study guide thx to this i think i might ace my test!!! 🙂 gracias !!
Thanxs for the help can you provide a picture please.Um are in Ms.Weinke’s class at EMS
some of the information is inaccurate. The United States annexed Texas from Mexico. They did not purchase it. Texas was owned by Mexico and Americans invaded illegally. Ironic isn’t it.
There was a dispute over that because America said that Texas was part of the purchase, and Texas said that it wasn’t. A lot of the Americans were empresarios and became Mexican citizens. And lastly, no, it’s not very ironic.
ya that right
Thanks for the facts!!:)
Thanxs for the help can you provide a picture please.
Evangaliene A. Lopez says
These facts are very helpful for Essays. I’m doing a 600 word Essay on the Westward Expansion/Louisiana Purchase. I have to compose my thoughts as to when everything took place, and how each event affected each other.
It’s all most complicating, but as I have mentioned before; Composed, organized notes are very helpful. Especially if you thoughts are very un-organized from to much thinking.
thank you for the facts but maybe a little more
Thanx for the facts it really helped me on my poster project.
It sounds really easy but it’s really hard and complicating.+we need to write an essay that is 25 pages.(=
I love this website. I’m doing a project on Lewis & Clarke, and this website helped me soo much. It gives you titles of what the paragraph is about and it is just wonderful.
cindy li says
hey, this information was totally useful for my s.s project on Louisiana Purchase! I’m in 7th grade!
i am in 5th grade and this helped me with my sa on lewis and clarck mabye now you guys can post some pics of the louisiana purchase 🙂
Dude, i like it…it sure helped out….im from florida.
swagg kid says
It helped me too
thank u so much i got an A on my history class thank u
You made a mistake in the LAST paragraph… I think (:
Anyways thanks, this made it eaisier to understand 😀
Thanks, helped alot. . . I am in the 10th grade. . pretty cool stuff!<3
Have a great day!(:
ummm thanks but ur not helping student ur just helping their teachers. thank thats a good ting. from bon-qui-qui bow!
Well really it is helping both
this really helped with my project
Abby Glaub says
heyyy uh i need more facts than this bros -_-
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carina mora says
I hope I get an A with these facts! ^.^
Thanks so much this made my essay so much easier(4 paragraph) I had to write up to ten facts about the Louisiana Purchase. 😀 B-)
This really helped with my essay
rock on I love history
it helped me et more facts, than I was going to get.